Chief of the Chiricahua Apache Tribe. Hostilities with U. S. troops began with the “Cut-through-the-tent” affair (1860). When the Chiricahua Reservation was established (1872) he came in to stay. Died there June 1874.
Upon his death Cochise was succeeded as chief of the Chiricahuas by his older son Taza, and on the latter’s death in Washington in 1876 the younger son Naiche succeeded. Naiche, his mother Dos-teh-seh, and his two half-sisters lived through 27 years as prisoners-of-war and ended their days at Mescalero. Numerous descendants of Cochise survive today through the children of his son Naiche and his daughter Dash-den-zhoos.
Roan Shirt; Red Sleeves. Last chief of the Mimbreno Apaches, who ranged in the Silver City-Santa Rita country of New Mexico and who subsequently merged with the more numerous Warm Springs when he became principal chief of all bands of the Warm Springs Tribe (1850’s). Pledged friendship to the Americans (1846) but subsequently fought occupation of New Mexico by troops. After he was killed (1863) he was succeeded as tribal leader by the dual Chiefs Apache Loco and Victorio who had previously shared the leadership of the Chihenne band.
Numerous descendants of Mangus Coloradas survive today through his grandsons Naiche, Gooday, and Haozous, and his granddaughters Lilian Mangus who married George Martine, and Cora Mangus who married Kinzhuna.
Apache Loco and Victorio were dual chiefs of the Warm Springs from the 1850s to the 1880s, but Loco was senior. After Victorio’s death (1880) Loco was the only chief. When Geronimo, Naiche, Chihuahua, and Nana broke out for the last time (1885), Chief Loco and most of the Warm Springs refused to take part in the outbreak. Many of the Warm Springs enlisted as scouts with the Army, in the Geronimo campaign. When Geronimo and Naiche had surrendered, Chief Loco was sent with Chatto and others to Washington to talk with the Government. On the way back they were held at Fort Levenworth and then sent as prisoners-of-war to Florida, where they were joined as prisoners by the other Warm Springs and Chiricahuas. From Florida they were sent to Alabama, and from Alabama to Fort Sill. Here Loco was made head of Loco’s Village and his son John was enlisted as a scout, and they raised crops near Four-Mile Crossing. Loco was the last living chief of the Warm Springs Apaches. After his death in 1905 his son John became head of Loco’s Village. Chief Loco died on 2 February 1905 at the age of 82, and is buried in the main Apache cemetery by Beef Creek on the military reservation. Buried near him are his 3 wives, his son Fritz, and his granddaughter Ruth.
Victoria. Born in what is now New Mexico. He was a member of the Chihennes band. After their chief, Tudeevia (Dudeevia; Delgadito) was killed by Mexicans (c.1855). Victorio and Apache Loco became dual chiefs of the Chihennes or Warm Springs proper. Mangus Coloradas of the Mimbrenos band was overall chief of the Warm Springs Apache Tribe. After he was killed by white men (1863) Victorio and Loco became the principal chiefs. In October 1880 Victorio and his band were trapped and surrounded by the Carrizal Mexicans and Mexican troops at Twin Buttes (Tres Castillos) and died almost to the last man.
Victorio had 4 sons, and 3 of them were killed in the Victorio war. Only the youngest, Istee (Charles Istee), survived. He was then about 10 years old, and was not with Victorio’s band during the outbreak, but was with Loco and the other Warm Springs at San Carlos. Istee was sent east with the other prisoners-of-war, attended Carlisle, then came on to Fort Sill.
One of the three sons of Victorio was the 1st husband of Zah-nah and father by her of Vincent Nahtalish, who was a small boy when his grandfather and father were killed. Zah-nah then became the wife of Spitty and they had several children, including Lucy who married Aht-sitsinny (David Chinney). All their children died at Fort Sill. Zah-nah then married Skuyyuggi and they had 1 son, Sylvester. Zah-nah died at Fort Sill 1904 and Sylvester died a year later. Her son Vincent Nahtalish, grandson of Victorio, went to Carlisle. Afterward he visited his people at Fort Sill several times but he never lived here. He went to New York City to live and married a white woman there. They had a son, Vincent V. Nahtalish Jr., born 1903. Both Nahtalish and his son were registered at Fort Sill and they both received allotments in Oklahoma. Vincent Nahtalish Sr. died in New York. His son was still living there as of 1960.