Shelter

As a mobile hunting and gathering tribe, the Chiricahua and Warm Springs Apaches placed little emphasis on the development of long term housing. Because of the available resources, the Chiricahua and Warm Springs Apache Tribe did not have to carry houses around like the plains Indians or some of the other Apachean tribes did.

The Chiricahua and Warm Springs Apache tribe utilized several versions of dwellings. The most basic version was just leaning long poles together and covering it with hides, brush or blankets. All versions of these dwellingss are referred to as kuughą, which translates as home. Objects found in the typical household would include pots and pans, serving implements, tools, food storage, water containers, and bedding. They would hang up meat to dry inside.

Ordinarily a woman would make the home. Men would help if needed, but it would take up to 4 days to make a good version. Women were considered to own the homes and responsible for operating the household. The Apache’s tried to separate the houses so that they would not be right next to each other. Each kuughą would be built about a stones throw away from others. Ordinarily it would be a hemispherical shaped structure with a pole framework. The entrance was preferred to face the east, but it was not a strict rule.  Typically a kuughą would have a thatch of brush or grass covering it, which would sometimes be covered with hides or cloth. There were smoke holes, and a fireplace dug out in the middle. The dirt taken from the fireplace was placed around the outside walls to prevent water from coming in. 

Often a structure would also be made to provide shade, or chagushuh, for the home. This structure would be composed of 4 posts with cross pieces to form a square. It would be about 8 feet high. Poles would be placed across the top, and a layer of leafy branches would be placed on top. Most time would be spent outside in that area. 

Another structure they would have would be a brush fence. This could serve several purposes from keeping wind out, to keeping stray animals out, or keeping animals in (like horses or dogs).

When the tribe moved, they just left. They wouldn’t take anything unless they needed particular item. Once they arrived at the new location, a new home would be built.